Zirconia in Dentistry: The History of Zirconia

Zirconia has a rich history of use in dentistry, and its evolution throughout the years has led to some of the most important advancements in treatments. 

Zirconia in Dentistry: The History of Zirconia

Dentistry has certainly come a long way since the era of wooden dentures! Nowadays, there are many different materials available to use for any cosmetic or restorative dental treatment. But of all these materials, zirconia is one of the most commonly used and reliable choices available to dentists.

Trends in Dental Marketing: Zirconia in Dentistry

Prior to zirconia becoming the gold standard for dental treatments such as crowns, dentures, and traditional dental bridges, the most common material used was porcelain fused to a metal crown (PFM). While the material itself was sturdy and pliable, its reliance on a metal base left it looking less natural than an all-ceramic crown. In addition to this, the use of a metal crown meant that all patients with a metal allergy were unable to receive any treatments with the material. It quickly became apparent that a focus on stronger ceramic-based materials was necessary to accommodate the needs of every patient, whether they had a metal allergy or not. However, focusing on all-ceramic options wasn’t enough. While they were more customizable and worked for most restorative or cosmetic treatments, there were still too many imperfections and long-term durability issues for it to be considered the best material. This is where zirconia began to shine as more than just an oddity used for very specific building purposes.

Zirconia is the result of purifying the mineral zircon, creating zirconium – a silver-colored metal that resists corrosion and is similar to titanium in its strength. When zirconium is combined with oxygen, it becomes zirconia, which is the more biocompatible and adaptable material that’s used in so many treatments and prostheses. Whereas the previous all-ceramic options were more prone to breaking or wearing down over time, zirconia-based treatments meet a much higher standard for esthetics and durability. Since zirconia doesn’t contain any metal, it is a much more appropriate material for any patient with a metal allergy. It is far more flexible and more likely to bond to gums or tissue, so patients don’t experience any discomfort or metallic tastes from their treatments. When compared to other dental materials (especially for dental brackets), zirconia also usually ends up being the more affordable option. This makes zirconia the ideal material for crowns, bridges, and dental implants.

While zirconia was a great building block for the future of dental materials, there’s always room for improvement! Advancements in zirconia have led to some truly remarkable solutions for missing or loose teeth – such as highly durable and lifelike materials like Prettau Zirconia. Before too long, PFMs and other antiquated materials will be left behind, while zirconia-based treatments continue to improve the lives and smiles of all your patients!

 

Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5455532/


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Topics: implant materials, Prettau Zirconia, patient education